Garden Bridge Campaign

The proposed Garden Bridge across the Thames between the Waterloo and Blackfriars Bridges was initially supposed to be a pleasant park and an additional way of crossing the river, paid for from private funds.

In spite of the on-going public sector austerity that continues to reduce funding for existing parks and public spaces and prevents the development of new pedestrian and cycling bridges where they are actually needed for Londoners, such as between Rotherhithe and Canary Wharf, more than £60MM was promised, on the instructions of then-Mayor Boris Johnson, by Transport for London (TfL) and the Treasury.  In spite of this level of taxpayer support, the bridge will be a private space, closed at night and for at least eight weekends a year.  The Garden Bridge Trust further looked to TfL to provide a public sector guaranteed for the maintenance of the bridge.

After nearly two years of sustained lobbying, and in the light of the Hodge Report into the public financing of the project, the current Mayor, Sadiq Khan, has refused this guarantee.  So, what next for the Garden Bridge?

The Ramblers opposed the Garden Bridge

As the Observer editorial (24th May 2015) said "It requires much trust to think that the proposed Thames garden bridge will be an asset for Britain. You have to believe that within a confined area it can simultaneously be a haven of peace, useful transport infrastructure and an attraction with more visitors than Disneyland, that it will not push the overcrowding on London’s South Bank, already bad, beyond endurance and safety, and that the failure to provide lavatories will have no unfortunate consequences."

As reported in this further Observer article, the Ramblers in Inner London have opposed the building of the bridge since 2015.  We have supported Thames Central Open Spaces in their campaign to prevent it. For more details, check out their web site at

We opposed the Garden Bridge because it would:

  1. Narrow, and encourage many more visitors to, an already crowded part of the Thames Path National Trail
  2. Block the existing views of St Pauls and the City that open up as walkers emerge from under Waterloo Bridge (see image from Thames Central Open Spaces).
  3. Enclose currently public open space on both banks in order to provide access to a private space, frequently closed to the public, and in which 'acceptable' behaviour is set by an unelected, and unaccountable body.

Downstream view from the South Bank

Over time, these arguments, and those of the other organisations in the campaign became widely accepted, to the point that, when undertaking her review of the project, Margaret Hodge found that "the only people to express support for the Garden Bridge were the Trust itself, the Evening Standard and Boris Johnson".

What next for the Garden Bridge?

The Garden Bridge Trust have acknowledged that the construction costs of the bridge continue to escalate.  They have struggled since summer 2016 to attract pledges for its construction and are at least £60m short.  They have not negotiated access to either river bank.  Without a guarantee for future maintenance, they cannot start construction and, if they don't start construction by the end of the year, planning permissions start to lapse.  The project looks dead.

There's still a (slim) chance that the Garden Bridge Trust could revive the project by finding enough money to start construction and either a credible private sector guarantor of the maintenance costs or an endowment to cover it, negotiating access to the river banks, and commencing construction before December 2017.  This looks unlikely, but we will continue to oppose the Bridge until the Trust admits that the project is over.

What next for the Ramblers' Campaign?

The Garden Bridge, a project that was supposed to be entirely privately funded has spent £46m of public money without building anything.  By contrast, the TfL commissioned Millenium Bridge cost £18.2 million in 2000.  Other proposals for footbridges elsewhere on the Thames are estimated to cost around £25 million.  The Hodge Report raised stated that the processes for procuring the bridge " were not open, fair or competitive procurements".  Other campaigners are campaigning for those responsible for these decisions to be held accountable.

We look forward to working with TfL, the Mayor, and the GLA in progressing projects that will really deliver benefits to Londoners and visitors who want to experience our great city on foot.  In particular, we urge TfL to progress the proposed cycling and pedestrian bridge linking Rotherhithe and Canary Wharf, and to make it a fantastic experience for all users.

Things are moving at pace towards the next phase of the garden bridge campaign.

Mayoral Campaign

Only two of the Mayoral candidates are in favour of the Bridge.  Unfortunately, it's the two who are most likely to win and who cannot afford to upset the Evening Standard - the main media cheerleader for the bridge, which abandons any pretence at balance in support of its proprietor's whimsy. 

Zac Goldsmith is gung-ho for the bridge, and has been so for many months.  There must be something in the Eton education that he shares with the current Mayor that makes its alumni so keen on enclosing and restricting access to public land.

Sadiq Khan, the current favourite, was against the bridge when he sought the support of London's Constituency Labour Parties, although he changed his mind soon after becoming the candidate.  Since then, he (along with the Greater London Authority, the National Audit Office and the Royal Institute of British Architects) has expressed concern about the procurement processes for the bridge. 

It's worth keeping up the pressure on both candidates, but especially Sadiq Khan, to stop this folly.

Preparations to Build

Lambeth Council are so afraid of public scrutiny of the way that they have handled the process that they look like they are planning to put future decisions in the hands of a single (not South Bank) councillor to make away from public scrutiny (Lambeth could take Garden Bridge decision behind closed doors - London SE1).

The Garden Bridge Trust have signed the construction contract for the bridge, even though they are £30M pounds short of their target (even after taking £60M of tax payers money as gifts and soft loans) - Garden Bridge construction contract signed - London SE1

They haven't met all of the conditions that Lambeth Council has set for construction to start yet.  They haven't even got permission to sub-let the land from the Coin Street Community Builders.  More details from TCOS.

What can you do?

  1. Keep the pressure up on mayoral candidates, Lambeth councillors and Coin Street Community Builders - Write to the Decision Makers (TCOS)
  2. Contribute to the legal fighting fund to challenge the process by which this tourist attraction is being foisted on the Thames Path - Give to the legal fund (TCOS)

The proposal to build the Garden Bridge between Waterloo and Blackfriars Bridge has stumbled on for the last few months.  Focus has shifted from the aesthetic and practical purposes of the bridge that isn't a bridge/park that isn't a park to the funding and procurement of the bridge.

The Ramblers is against the Garden Bridge because it will destroy views from the Thames Path, and make use of that National Trail more difficult by attracting more visitors to an already densely-grockled part of the South Bank without.  It will enclose, for private uses, currently public open spaces, destroying mature trees.  We believe that the public money that is committed to it would be better used improving cross-river connections away from Central London.

Artist's impression of South Bank Landing (from

The Garden Bridge proposes replacing green space and mature trees adjacent to the Thames Path national trail with this construction - photo from

The National Audit Office has said the £60m of public money being spent on the bridge was at greater risk than the private funds, and a “high degree of uncertainty” hung over the scheme’s value for money.  It described as "unorthodox" the way that the Chancellor, George Osborne, offered central government money to the scheme, adding that "The department’s own quantitative analysis suggested that there may or may not be a net benefit and, especially once concerns over deliverability were taken account of, the project might well not have met the department’s normal threshold for allocating its finite funds." (Guardian, 16th January)

There have been a series of questions about the procurement process for the bridge's design.  Today, the President of the Royal Institution of British Architects (RIBA), Jane Duncan, claimed that that the winner of the contest to design the bridge was selected unfairly, said she was extremely concerned about the allegations, and that the procurement process should be stopped and scrutinised before more public money was put at risk. (Guardian, 9th February).

The more light that is shed on these processes, the more the Garden Bridge project looks like an attempt to enclose our public spaces while using our money to pay for it by giving it to friends of the current Mayor.

Construction looks unlikely to start before the Mayoral and GLA elections - Lambeth's planning conditions have not been met, the Trust does not have permission to sub-let the Coin Street Builder's land on the South Bank, and their fund-raising does not look like it is making much progress.  We need to keep the pressure up on the current Mayor, the candidates to be the next one, and the Garden Bridge Trust.

Go to the Thames Central Open Spaces campaign site to find out how to help to make sure that the national trail through central London is not despoiled by this unnecessary and costly tourist attraction, 

According to the Guardian (, Lambeth council has suspended negotiations over the sub-leasing of the land currently leased to Coin Street to the Garden Bridge Trust and part of the Thames Path national trail.  Without this land, which has recently been declared an Asset of Community Value, the project cannot proceed.

The council's position is, presumably, a response to on-going pressure from its residents.

If you're a Lambeth resident, do contact your councillors to thank the council for this action and encourage them to oppose the Garden Bridge.

The same article points out that the bridge is becoming an important issue in the Mayoral campaign, with some of the candidates stating their opposition to it.

Some time ago, the Garden Bridge Trust commissioned someone to make a video showing the wide-support that their proposal for a publicly-funded privately-owned tourist attraction across the Thames between Waterloo and Blackfriars Bridge.  They were having trouble finding any reputable environmental organisations to appear in it and the producer approached me, as Chair of the Inner London Ramblers.

Obviously, I asked a load of questions before making a decision.  When I queried why the bridge was going to be closed at night, they said that I should think of it more like a park than a bridge, and parks shut at night.  I never found out why something that's more like a park than a bridge should get funding from Transport for London.  I declined to lend the Ramblers name to their promotional video. 

As the project proceeded, and more detail of the location, design and funding of the bridge became evident, the Ramblers in Inner London took a position to actively oppose the project.

An article in today's Guardian ( outlines how users of the bridge will be monitored by 'enhanced CCTV', have their mobile phones tracked, and be subject to 'policing' by employees of the Garden Bridge Trust.  This is outlined in the Garden Bridge Trust's "Garden Bridge Illegal Trading Anti-social Behaviour Crowd Control and General Enforcement Management Plan" document.

Also in this document, are details of thirty 'prohibited acts' (exceptions to which can be granted by the Trust).  These include:

  • Use any kite
  • Make or give a speech or address
  • Play any game or engage in any form of sport or exercise, except running or jogging across the bridge
  • Organise or take part in any assembly, performance, rally, procession or gathering of any kind;
  • Consume any alcohol (Presumably this restriction will be lifted for private events on the 8-12 weekends a year when the bridge is closed to the public)
  • Release balloons

Now, none of these activities are normally banned in public spaces and meeting one's friends for a beer and a bit of kite flying and a speech to wish someone a happy birthday is the sort of thing that parks are commonly used for.  But that won't be allowed on the Garden Bridge which is, as you'll remember, "more like a park than a bridge").

Note, too, that the act of leading a group of ramblers, walking (not running nor jogging) across the bridge and stopping in the middle to describe the views of the city made possible by the more than £60M of public money going into the scheme, would break at least three of these restrictions.

When you breach them, the Trust's staff will be empowered (under the government's Community Safety Accreditation scheme) to demand your name and address.  Note that this is actually a stronger right than a normal police officer has; they can only do so if they are reporting you for a criminal offence.

So, what we seem to have is a heavily-surveilled publicly-funded private space in which people are heavily constrained in what normal, legal activities they may do, and threatened by a privately-run security force with police like powers.  And, remember, we're paying for this with:

  1. The enclosure and building upon of currently freely-accessible public space
  2. The loss of amenity on the Thames Path national trail - even if you can push through the additional millions of visitors to an already crowded stretch of the path, fabulous views of the City skyline from the path and the nearby bridges will be lost
  3. £40M pounds of tax payer money given directly to the Garden Bridge Trust
  4. £20M pounds of tax payer money lent at generous, subsidised terms to the Garden Trust
  5. A guarantee, by Transport for London, to cover the estimated £3.5M maintenance costs of the bridge in perpetuity, worth roughly £120M pounds.

Do support the campaign to stop this enclosure of public space and mis-allocation of public funds.  Go to to sign the petition and find out more about how to stop this folly.

(Phil Marson, Chair, Inner London Ramblers)

The Greater London Authority is today (Thursday 17th September) examining the process by which contracts for the design of the Garden Bridge were let to the most expensive and inexperienced designers in the competition.

The National Audit Office is, at the request of the Chair of parliament's Public Accounts Committee, scrutinising the the government's allocation of public money to build a private tourist attraction on top of the Thames Path.

More details, along with a number of ways to get involved, can be found at the Thames Central Open Spaces web site.

Help to keep the pressure up, and protect the Thames Path and its historic views.  If you've not done so already, do sign the petition at